Fall

Fall Tips

Halloween Safety

Halloween can be a fun and exciting time for kids. These safety tips for parents, children and homeowners will help keep everyone safe and happy this Halloween.

For parents:

  • Do not use masks. Masks make it hard for children to see what’s around them, including cars. Try a hypoallergenic (less likely to cause an allergic reaction), non-toxic make-up kit instead.
  • Make or buy costumes in light-coloured material.
  • Place strips of reflective tape on the back and front of costumes, so that drivers can better see your child.
  • Costumes should fit properly to prevent trips and falls. Avoid items such as oversized shoes, high heels, long dresses and long capes.
  • Dress your child for the weather. Add layers if needed.
  • Put your child’s name, address and phone number on his costume.
  • Children under 10 should be accompanied by an adult for trick or treating. By the age of 10, some children are ready to go trick-or-treating with a group of friends. 
  • Keep in mind that gum and hard candy can pose a choking risk for young children.
  • Remove make-up before bedtime to prevent possible skin and eye irritation.

If your child is going out without an adult:

  • Make sure your child is in a group of at least 3 people.
  • Give them a flashlight. A cell phone is also a good idea if you have one.
  • Discuss in advance the route they should follow. Ask them to call you if they plan to go on a street that isn't on the route.
  • Set a curfew (and make sure they have a watch with them).
  • Tell your children not to eat anything until they get home.

For children and youth:

  • Carry a white bag or pillowcase for your candy, and add some reflective tape.
  • Dress for the weather. Cold weather or water absorbent materials in the rain can be very uncomfortable.
  • Bring a cell phone, in case you need to make an emergency phone call.
  • Always travel in groups. Be sure there are at least 3 of you at all times.
  • Let your parents know where you're going to be at all times.
  • Don’t visit houses that are not well lit. Never go inside a stranger's house.
  • Use the sidewalk whenever possible. If there's no sidewalk, walk on the side of the road facing traffic.
  • Don't criss-cross back and forth across the street. Work your way up one side of the street, and then start on the other.
  • If you have any allergies, tell the person who is giving out the treats.
  • Don't eat any of your treats before you get home. Once home, ask your parents to look through your treats with you to make sure everything is okay.

For homeowners:

  • Turn on outdoor lights, and replace burnt-out bulbs.
  • Remove items from your yard or porch that might trip a child.
  • Sweep wet leaves from your steps and driveway.
  • Use alternative to candles in your pumpkins, such as a flashlight or a battery-operated candle.
  • Remember that some children have food allergies. Consider giving treats other than candy, such as stickers, erasers or a yo-yo.

Alternatives to traditional trick-or-treating

  • Local community centres sometimes offer Halloween night activities.
  • Local shopping centres often have trick-or-treat nights for young children in a more controlled environment.
  • Plan a Halloween night at home with themed games and movies. Invite friends.

For more information: http://www.caringforkids.cps.ca/handouts/halloween_safety

 

Flu Shot

What is Influenza? 

Influenza (commonly known as "the flu") is a serious, acute respiratory illness that is caused by a virus. People who get influenza may have a fever, chills, cough, runny eyes, stuffy nose, sore throat, headache, muscle aches, extreme weakness and fatigue. Note : the elderly may not have a fever. Children can also have earaches, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The cough and fatigue can persist for several weeks, making the return to full personal and work activities difficult. 

People of any age can get the flu. Illness due to influenza usually lasts two to seven days; sometimes longer in the elderly and in people with chronic diseases. Most people who get influenza are ill for only a few days. However, some people can become very ill, possibly developing complications and requiring hospitalization. 

Influenza spreads by respiratory droplets in infected persons through coughing, sneezing or talking. It is also spread through direct contact with surfaces contaminated by the influenza virus, such as toys, eating utensils, and unwashed hands. 

Influenza : Is it a Cold or the Flu?

Something's got you down ... you think it's just a cold, but ...
You're not feeling well. Your nose is running and you're sneezing. Your whole body aches- it must be a cold, right? On second thought, you also have a fever and a sore throat. Maybe it's the flu. The common cold and influenza (flu) symptoms are often very similar. Check the chart below to help you determine if your symptoms are a simple cold, or the flu.

For more information: http://www.algomapublichealth.com/Default.aspx?l=,1,10,55,1249

                  

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